Does radiation from a phone increase the risk of cancer?
The so-called “digital well-being” has reached Russia as well. Each person has a mobile phone, and often more than one, at which people spend several hours a day. The health concerns are well founded. All electronics are new, even parents have not yet seen the peak of technological progress. Everyone already knows about the strong psychological impact from the virtual world, but the question of radiation from a mobile phone remains open.
To put it simply, people worry that smartphones can be harmful to the health of the body, in particular – they can be carcinogenic (causing times) due to radiation. Considering the amount of time spent on smartphones, it’s perfectly normal to be anxious.
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Why are people worried about cell phone radiation?
The word radiation has a strong negative connotation, because it is used in combination with terrible terms: cancer, poisoning. In fact, certain forms of radiation can disrupt the natural structure of body cells and DNA, sometimes leading to cancer.
To get a complete picture of the situation, you need to understand what radiation is. Radiation is the emission of particles or energy waves into the atmosphere. Household radiators get their name from the radiation of thermal energy. Moreover, this form of radiation does not harm the body (except for possible burns).
When talking about radiation from mobile phones, we are talking about electromagnetic radio waves. If you remember that some types of radiation that cause cancer, such as ultraviolet, also belong to the electromagnetic group, people’s fears can only increase.
Ultraviolet radiation from sunlight can trigger the development of cancer as it penetrates the skin and into cells with DNA. Prolonged exposure to the sun damages the DNA, making their structure defective. DNA is what the body uses as a blueprint for building new cells. If the used drawing is created incorrectly, then the cell made according to it will contain a faulty code. This situation can continue for a certain time until the damage spreads further. Ultimately, this can trigger health problems like tumors.
In reality, radiation from a mobile phone is very different from ultraviolet radiation. UV, X-ray and other types are of the “ionizing” type. Radiation in smartphones and desk lamps is “non-ionizing”. This distinction is key.
Most experts and academics agree that there is no compelling cause for concern. By the type of exposure, radiation from a mobile phone is more reminiscent of heat from a radiator than the sun’s rays.
What is smartphone learning?
Before starting other discussions about the influence of waves from gadgets, it is worth delving into their features a little. Cell phone radiation is a type of electromagnetic radiation called radio frequency electromagnetic radiation, or simply radio. It is everywhere, it is created by Wi-Fi routers, baby monitors, car FM tuners, etc.
Like other types of electromagnetic radiation, they are generated by short pulses of energy transmitted through the atmosphere. The energy output and reception is performed by the antennas of smartphones and other devices.
From a technical point of view, even light creates radiation, that is, a person is surrounded by it around the clock. Thus, sunlight falls into the same category. Why are mobile phones of particular concern? It’s very simple, people do not understand the meaning of the word radiation. Increasing anxiety is that smartphones are too close to the body and head. People think that this is a new device that has recently appeared in the world so that the consequences can be seen.
What is the difference between radiation and a cell phone?
Knowing about radiation from a device in your pocket can be unpleasant. However, this is more related to the psychological side. This type of electromagnetic radiation is safe, as almost all experts say. It’s all about the frequency of vibration of the particles (Hz).
If you use an FM radio, it will operate in the 150 to 900 MHz frequency range. AM radio is already down to a lower frequency of 2 MHz, which can bounce off the Earth’s atmosphere, allowing the signal to travel further. These slow waves have little ability to penetrate dense objects.
The extremely high frequencies are already capable of penetrating solid objects. An example of this is a retgen that passes through the skin but does not cross the bones. X-rays operate at a frequency of 30 petahertz to 30 exegertz. 1 petahertz is the equivalent of 1 quadrillion hertz. The difference is huge.
Returning to phones, when working with the GSM standard, they use the 900 and 1900 MHz bands. However, for 4G broadcasting, high frequencies are already used – 1-2 GHz, and 5G works at 18-24 GHz. These numbers indicate that the radiation from a cell phone is very far from the carcinogenic type of radiation. For comparison, ultraviolet light operates at 800 THz, which is several times higher than cellular radiation. Even harmless visible light is between 480 and 680 THz.
The harm from high-frequency radiation is that they are able to penetrate into human tissues, where the process of changing the DNA structure is triggered. Low frequencies emitted by radio, lamps, smartphones, etc., are simply not capable of this.
What does the research say?
In fact, the nature of radiation from a telephone is very difficult to study. Especially since cancer risk is a long-term perspective. To get any real results, you need long-term studies with constant monitoring of the experimental subjects. At the same time, there are many other factors that cannot be controlled, but that affect the development of cancer.
All of these factors lead to the fact that the IARC research in 2011 did not give a clear conclusion. She wrote that radio frequency electromagnetic fields are “possibly carcinogenic.” Do not sound the alarm, in practice this means that there is no evidence of a negative impact on a person, but this is not completely ruled out.
More specific? Okay, the organization listed cell phone radiation as a “class 2B carcinogen.” Other items in this category include pickles, aloe vera leaf extract.
Largest study so far, which affected 420,000 users, failed to find a link between mobile phone use and cancer risk. Scientists could not 100% exclude the possibility of a relationship, but all signs point to the absolute safety of a mobile phone.
Although not all scientists agree on the safety of radiation from smartphones, most researchers still agree. Phones do not increase your risk of cancer.